Meadows & Wildflowers

Flowery grasslands with their breath-taking beauty and buzz of wildlife have almost vanished from our countryside. Once commonplace, now only fragments remain. Incredibly, churchyards and cemeteries are sometimes the last refuge in the parish for this wonderful but increasingly rare habitat. Old grasslands may often be preserved in burial grounds, for here, they have escaped the developer, the plough, spraying of herbicides and the regular application of fertilisers. Where this habitat is present, a wide and colourful array of flowers may still be seen, from the rich yellow and orange of eggs-and-bacon, to the pink of betony and blue of scabious.

These diverse grasslands are not only beautiful, in their own right, but are also a haven for wildlife. Butterflies dance across the flowers seeking out nectar, bumblebees collect pollen to feed their broods, small mammals take refuge in the longer grass and, in the autumn, colourful waxcap fungi appear. Your churchyard or burial site may be the most ancient enclosed piece of land in a parish, town or city. The grassland will have been relatively undisturbed, reseeding naturally for hundreds if not thousands of years. It will also have been both mown for hay and grazed by animals during its time as a burial ground. A benefit of this continuity of management over a very long time is a rich diversity of grasses, flowers and animals. This old unimproved grassland was once widespread in the UK but is now rare. Since the 1940s over 97% has vanished. Most burial grounds pre-date the 1940s so are now some of the few places it remains.

Grasslands which contain a rich array of plants, animals and fungi are important for carbon storage, up to 30% of the worlds carbon is stored within grasslands so there are many reasons to care for and cherish our fantastic burial ground grasslands.

For introductory information please look at this selection from our Action Pack (zip file). To dive deeper into the wonderful world of meadows and wildflowers and the wealth of wildlife they support download Flowery Grassland in Burial Grounds. This covers management, history, natural history and the folklore and culture of wildflowers.

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To find out a bit more

Download Caring for Grassland Information Sheets from our Action Pack (zip file)

Caring for Grassland, Cutting Long Grass and Dealing with Grass Cuttings, Creating a Wildflower Meadow & Helping Wildlife, Butterflies, Moths and Other Insects, Wonderful Waxcaps and Other Fungi

To find out a lot more

Download A Guide to Meadows and Wildflowers in Burial Grounds 

Cymraeg: Glaswelltir blodeuog mewn safleoedd claddu

To investigate how rich in species your grassland is

Download the Burial Ground Botanical Companion

Activities for children involving grassland plants and animals

Download Bumble Bee Info Sheet

Download MiniBeast Info Sheet

Download People Power Info Sheet
Download all three files (zip file)

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